Diabetic Foot Surgery
A Diabetic foot is a pathology that results directly from peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and / or sensory neuropathy that affects the feet in diabetes mellitus. It is a long-term (or “chronic”) complication of diabetes mellitus. The presence of several characteristic diabetic foot pathologies such as infections, diabetic foot ulcers, and neuropathic osteoarthropathy is known as diabetic foot syndrome.
What is the cost of Diabetic foot surgery Anakapalle
In India the cost ranges from (Cost of Diabetic foot in Anakapalle) ✅ Rs 15,000 to Rs 50,000 depending on the amount of results directly from peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and / or sensory neuropathy that affects the feet in diabetes mellitus. It is a long-term (or “chronic”) complication of diabetes mellitus, sculpting needed, the technology used, and other miscellaneous expenses. ✅ Pay in Monthly Option Available and ✅ Insurance.
You can help avoid foot problems. First, control your blood sugar levels. Good foot hygiene is also crucial:
- Check your feet every day
- Wash your feet every day
- Keep the skin soft and smooth
- Smooth corns and calluses gently
- If you can see, reach, and feel your feet, trim your toenails regularly. If you cannot, ask a foot doctor (podiatrist) to trim them for you.
- Wear shoes and socks at all times
- Protect your feet from hot and cold
- Keep the blood flowing to your feet
SymptomsFoot symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person and may depend on the specific issues a person is experiencing at the time.
However, symptoms might include:
- a loss of feeling
- numbness or tingling sensation
- blisters or other wounds without pain
- skin discoloration and temperature changes
- red streaks
- wounds with or without drainage
- painful tingling
- staining on socks
- uncontrollable blood sugar
When to see a doctor
People who have diabetes should see a doctor regularly as part of their care.
However, anyone who notices any of the following changes should seek immediate medical attention:
- changes in skin color on the foot
- swelling in the foot or ankle
- temperature changes in the feet
- persistent sores on the feet
- pain or tingling in the feet or ankles
- ingrowing toenails
- athlete’s foot or other fungal infections of the feet
- dry, cracked skin on the heels
- signs of infection
Treatment for diabetic foot problems varies depending on the severity of the condition. A number of surgical and non-surgical options are available.
A doctor will first try to treat diabetic foot problems without surgery. Some methods include:
Keep wounds clean and dressed
Wearing immobilization devices such as a molded boot or a total contact cast
Keep a close eye on any gangrene on the toes until a self-amputation occurs. In this case, the toes will fall off due to a lack of blood flow
If non-surgical treatment doesn’t successfully cure diabetic foot problems, the doctor may consider surgery. Surgical options include:
- the removal of decaying or dead tissue
- Amputation that ranges from individual toes or sections of the foot to amputation of the leg below or even above the knee
- Surgical stabilization of Charcot’s foot
- an arterial bypass for peripheral vascular disease that helps blood flow to the area
- endovascular surgery that involves stent placement using small devices to hold open blood vessels
A person should try to wash their feet every day.
Diabetic foot care
Preventing foot problems is essential for people with diabetes. Keeping feet healthy is important and a person should pay attention to foot hygiene. You can do the following:
Check the Feet Every Day: Examine the feet daily or ask someone to check for changes or injuries.
Wash your feet daily: Keep your feet clean to avoid infection.
Wear supportive shoes and socks: Always protect your feet in socks and shoes. A podiatrist can recommend special shoes to prevent deformities. Do not pull the socks on so tightly that they restrict blood flow.
Promote blood circulation in your feet: put your feet up while sitting, wiggle your toes regularly and exercise enough. These measures promote healthy blood circulation in the feet.
Carefully trim nails: cut toenails straight and keep them short. Rounded nails can grow inward and lead to infection.
Caring for Corns and Pads: Handle corns and pads carefully. Never shave corns as this increases the risk of infection.
Protect Your Feet from Extreme Temperatures: Extreme heat and cold can damage the feet of people with diabetes.
Get Regular Exams on Your Feet: Regular exams from a doctor are key to preventing infections, amputations, and severe deformities.
Control Blood Sugar: Uncontrolled blood sugar increases the risk of podiatric complications from diabetes.
Avoid Smoking: Smoking affects blood flow to tissues, which can make foot problems worse in people with diabetes.
Find out more about whether people with diabetes can soak their feet in salt here.
Diabetes can cause serious foot problems, which can lead to foot or limb loss, deformity, and infection. However, it is possible for a person to prevent or minimize many of these problems.
While controlling blood sugar by following recommended diabetes treatment plans is the best way to avoid these serious problems, self-care and regular medical checkups can also help prevent problems from developing.
Diabetic Foot ProblemsIf you have diabetes, having too much glucose (aka sugar) in your blood for a long time can cause some serious complications, including foot problems.
How can diabetes affect my feet?
Diabetes can cause two problems that can affect your feet:
Diabetic neuropathy. Uncontrolled diabetes can damage your nerves. If you’ve damaged nerves in your legs and feet, you may not feel any heat, cold, or pain there. This lack of feeling is known as “diabetic sensory neuropathy”. If you don’t feel a cut or pain in your foot due to neuropathy, the cut may worsen and become infected. The muscles in your foot may not work properly because the nerves in the muscles are damaged. This can cause your foot to be misaligned and put too much pressure on part of your foot.
Peripheral vascular disease. Diabetes also affects blood circulation. Without good blood circulation, a wound or cut takes longer to heal. Poor blood flow to the arms and legs is known as “peripheral vascular disease”. If you have an infection that doesn’t heal due to poor blood circulation, you are at risk of developing ulcers or burns (death of tissues due to lack of blood).
Signs of diabetic foot problemsIf you have diabetes, contact your doctor if you have any of the following problems:
- Changes in skin color
- Changes in skin temperature
- Swelling in the foot or ankle
- Pain in the legs
- Open sores on your feet that are slow to heal or drain
- Ingrown toenails or toenails infected with fungus
- Corns or calluses
- Dry cracks in the skin, especially around the heel
- Foot odor that is unusual or does not go away
Complications from diabetic foot problems
Skin and bone infections. A small cut or wound can lead to infection. Nerve and blood vessel damage as well as problems with the immune system increase the likelihood. Most infections occur in wounds that have previously been treated with antibiotics. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. Hospital treatment may be necessary in severe cases.
Abscess. Sometimes infections eat bone or tissue and form a pocket of pus called an abscess. The usual treatment is to drain the abscess. Bone or tissue may need to be removed, but newer methods such as oxygen therapy are less invasive.
Gangrene. Diabetes affects the blood vessels that supply your fingers and toes. If the blood flow is interrupted, the tissue can die. Treatment is usually oxygen therapy or surgery to remove the affected area.
Deformities: Nerve damage can weaken the muscles in your feet and lead to problems like hammertoes, claw feet, protruding metatarsal heads (ends of the bones under your toes), and pes cavus, or a high arch that doesn’t flatten out with the weight of it.
Charcot foot: Diabetes can weaken the bones in your foot so badly that they break. Nerve damage can lessen the feeling and prevent you from noticing. You keep walking on broken bones and your foot changes shape. It might look like your bow fell into a rocker shape.
Amputation: Problems with blood flow and nerves make it more likely for people with diabetes to get a foot injury and only not realize it until an infection sets in. When an infection cannot be cured, an abscess develops, or when poor blood flow leads to burns, amputation is often the best treatment.